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You have reached the website of the Coal Combustion Product (CCP) Program at The Ohio State University. The primary objective of the CCP Program is the development, assessment, and technology transfer of promising CCP use technologies (especially for FGD materials) for commercial and end-use sectors so as to increase the utilization rate of Coal Combustion Products in Ohio to 40% or more by 2017.

The program, established in 1997 at the university, addresses the needs of the CCP industry and advances the technically sound, environmentally friendly, and commercially competitive uses of CCPs in many interdisciplinary sustainable applications. The program aids the CCP industry through education, technology transfer, and outreach in its efforts to:

  1. Expand use in proven areas (such as fly ash concrete and soil stabilization);

  2. Develop new or under-used large-volume market applications (such as mine land reclamation and dual level pavements);

  3. Place greater emphasis on FGD (sulfate and sulfite) byproducts utilization;

  4. Remove or reduce regulatory and perceptual barriers to use;

  5. Focus on developing alternative, green construction certification frameworks; and 

  6. Review coal ash pond stability and closure issues.

The program focuses on the sustainable high-volume uses of CCPs in construction, reclamation, infrastructure rehabilitation, manufacturing, and agricultural applications. It also further demonstrates leadership, on the part of the university, in working with regulatory agencies regarding the evolving regulatory framework pertaining to CCPs. In particular, the increased use of fly ash to replace cement will significantly reduce CO2 emissions associated with the use of cement (one ton of fly ash replacing cement will reduce about one ton of CO2 emissions).

The program has been co-funded for nearly two decades by a strong coalition of CCP stakeholders including the Ohio Coal Development Office, The Ohio State University, Ohio coal-fired utilities, ash marketers, private businesses and trade organizations.

Bringing CCP use technology to the marketplace has both direct benefits and indirect and societal benefits. The direct benefits are most easily quantified and are generally what drive the adoption of a new product or technology. Direct economic benefits include those realized by both the producer of the CCPs and the end user. The producer benefits if the cost associated with support of beneficial uses is lower than that of landfilling or other disposal means. The end user benefits if the CCP application results in lower cost than would the conventional application.